PHP操作Excel – PHPExcel 基本用法详解

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1.header

header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-excel");
header("Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=sample.xls");
header("Pragma:no-cache");
header("Expires:0");

2.PHPExcel

http://www.codeplex.com/PHPExcel

http://www.PHPexcel.net

开发包Tests目录有详细使用实例  支持中文,注意文件编码   文件保存为utf-8

写excel

//Include class
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel.PHP');
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.PHP');
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();
 
//Set properties 设置文件属性
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml PHP");
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
 
//Add some data 添加数据
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'Hello');//可以指定位置
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', false);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B2', 'world!');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B3', 2);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C1', 'Hello');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D2', 'world!');
 
//循环
for($i = 1;$i<200;$i++) {
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, $i);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, 'Test value');
}
 
//日期格式化
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D1', time());
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D1')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_YYYYMMDDSLASH);
 
//Add comment 添加注释
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->setAuthor('PHPExcel');
$objCommentRichText = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('PHPExcel:');
$objCommentRichText->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun("\r\n");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('Total amount on the current invoice, excluding VAT.');
 
//Add rich-text string 添加文字 可设置样式
$objRichText = new PHPExcel_RichText( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('A18') );
$objRichText->createText('This invoice is ');
$objPayable = $objRichText->createTextRun('payable within thirty days after the end of the month');
$objPayable->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPayable->getFont()->setItalic(true);
$objPayable->getFont()->setColor( new PHPExcel_Style_Color( PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_DARKGREEN ) );
$objRichText->createText(', unless specified otherwise on the invoice.');
 
//Merge cells 合并分离单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A18:E22');
 
//Protect cells 保护单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);//Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');
 
//Set cell number formats 数字格式化
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );
 
//Set column widths 设置列宽度
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
 
//Set fonts 设置字体
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
 
//Set alignments 设置对齐
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A3')->getAlignment()->setWrapText(true);
 
//Set column borders 设置列边框
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A10')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E10')->getBorders()->getRight()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK);
 
//Set border colors 设置边框颜色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
 
//Set fills 设置填充
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
 
//Add a hyperlink to the sheet 添加链接
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E26', 'www.PHPexcel.net');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setUrl('http://www.PHPexcel.net');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setTooltip('Navigate to website');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E26')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
 
//Add a drawing to the worksheet 添加图片
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('logo');
$objDrawing->setDescription('logo');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
 
//Play around with inserting and removing rows and columns
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewRowBefore(6, 10);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeRow(6, 10);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewColumnBefore('E', 5);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeColumn('E', 5);
 
//Add conditional formatting
$objConditional1 = new PHPExcel_Style_Conditional();
$objConditional1->setConditionType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::CONDITION_CELLIS);
$objConditional1->setOperatorType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::OPERATOR_LESSTHAN);
$objConditional1->setCondition('0');
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_RED);
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->setBold(true);
 
//Set autofilter 自动过滤
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setAutoFilter('A1:C9');
 
//Hide "Phone" and "fax" column 隐藏列
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('C')->setVisible(false);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setVisible(false);
 
//Set document security 设置文档安全
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockWindows(true);
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockStructure(true);
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setWorkbookPassword("PHPExcel");
 
//Set sheet security 设置工作表安全
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setPassword('PHPExcel');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);// This should be enabled in order to enable any of the following!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSort(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setInsertRows(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setFormatCells(true);
 
//Calculated data 计算
echo 'Value of B14 [=COUNT(B2:B12)]: ' . $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B14')->getCalculatedValue() . "\r\n";
 
//Set outline levels
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setOutlineLevel(1);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setVisible(false);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setCollapsed(true);
 
//Freeze panes
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->freezePane('A2');
 
//Rows to repeat at top
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setRowsToRepeatAtTopByStartAndEnd(1, 1);
 
//Set data validation 验证输入值
$objValidation = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->getDataValidation();
$objValidation->setType( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::TYPE_WHOLE );
$objValidation->setErrorStyle( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::STYLE_STOP );
$objValidation->setAllowBlank(true);
$objValidation->setShowInputMessage(true);
$objValidation->setShowErrorMessage(true);
$objValidation->setErrorTitle('Input error');
$objValidation->setError('Number is not allowed!');
$objValidation->setPromptTitle('Allowed input');
$objValidation->setPrompt('Only numbers between 10 and 20 are allowed.');
$objValidation->setFormula1(10);
$objValidation->setFormula2(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->setDataValidation($objValidation);
 
//Create a new worksheet, after the default sheet 创建新的工作标签
$objPHPExcel->createSheet();
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(1);
 
//Set header and footer. When no different headers for odd/even are used, odd header is assumed. 页眉页脚
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddHeader('&C&HPlease treat this document as confidential!');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddFooter('&L&B' . $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->getTitle() . '&RPage &P of &N');
 
//Set page orientation and size 方向大小
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setOrientation(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setPaperSize(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::PAPERSIZE_A4);
 
//Rename sheet 重命名工作表标签
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');
 
//Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
 
//Save Excel 2007 file 保存
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.xlsx', __FILE__));
 
//Save Excel 5 file 保存
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.PHP');
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.xls', __FILE__));
 
//1.6.2新版保存
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.PHP');
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007');
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.xls', __FILE__));

读excel

//Include class
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/Excel2007.PHP');
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_Excel2007;
$objPHPExcel = $objReader->load("05featuredemo.xlsx");

读写csv

require_once("05featuredemo.inc.PHP");
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/CSV.PHP');
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/CSV.PHP');
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.PHP');
//Write to CSV format 写
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_CSV($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->setDelimiter(';');
$objWriter->setEnclosure('');
$objWriter->setLineEnding("\r\n");
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.csv', __FILE__));
//Read from CSV format 读
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_CSV();
$objReader->setDelimiter(';');
$objReader->setEnclosure('');
$objReader->setLineEnding("\r\n");
$objReader->setSheetIndex(0);
$objPHPExcelFromCSV = $objReader->load(str_replace('.PHP', '.csv', __FILE__));
//Write to Excel2007 format
$objWriter2007 = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcelFromCSV);
$objWriter2007->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.xlsx', __FILE__));

写html

require_once("05featuredemo.inc.PHP");
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/HTML.PHP');
//Write to HTML format
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_HTML($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.htm', __FILE__));

写pdf

require_once("05featuredemo.inc.PHP");
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.PHP');
//Write to PDF format
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'PDF');
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.PHP', '.pdf', __FILE__));
//Echo memory peak usage
echo date('H:i:s') . " Peak memory usage: " . (memory_get_peak_usage(true) / 1024 / 1024) . " MB\r\n";

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