linux – 内核恐慌 – 创建自己的AMI(亚马逊机器映像)

发布时间:2019-04-23 发布网站:脚本之家
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我创建了自己的AMI并在Amazon EC2上注册了它.但是在AMI启动时我收到以下错误:

Kernel panic – not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(8,1)

图像在本地运行没有任何问题.

fstab包含:

proc          /proc   proc     defaults                      0 0
/dev/sda1     /       ext3     relatime,errors=remount-ro    0 1

该图像是使用以下命令创建的

ec2-bundle-image -i image.raw -r i386 -c cert-xxx.pem -k pk-xxx.pem --user 123456

完整的AMI启动日志:

Linux version 2.6.16-xenU (builder@xenbat.amazonsa) (gcc version 4.0.1 20050727 (Red Hat 4.0.1-5)) #1 SMP Mon May 28 03:41:49 SAST 2007

BIOS-provided physical RAM map:

 Xen: 0000000000000000 - 000000006a400000 (usable)

980MB HIGHMEM available.

727MB LOWMEM available.

NX (Execute Disable) protection: active

IRQ lockup detection disabled

Built 1 zonelists

Kernel command line:  root=/dev/sda1 ro 4

Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.

Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.

Initializing CPU#0

PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 12,65536 bytes)

Xen reported: 2666.666 MHz processor.

Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7,524288 bytes)

Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6,262144 bytes)

Software IO TLB disabled

vmalloc area: ee000000-f53fe000,maxmem 2d7fe000

Memory: 1718700k/1748992k available (1958k kernel code,20948k reserved,620k data,144k init,1003528k highmem)

Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode... Ok.

Calibrating delay using timer specific routine.. 5335.60 BogoMIPS (lpj=26678013)

Mount-cache hash table entries: 512

CPU: L1 I cache: 32K,L1 D cache: 32K

CPU: L2 cache: 6144K

Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.

Brought up 1 CPUs

migration_cost=0

Grant table initialized

NET: Registered protocol family 16

Brought up 1 CPUs

xen_mem: Initialising balloon driver.

highmem bounce pool size: 64 pages

VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.5.1

Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0,4096 bytes)

Initializing Cryptographic API

io scheduler noop registered

io scheduler anticipatory registered (default)

io scheduler deadline registered

io scheduler cfq registered

i8042.c: No controller found.

RAMDISK driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 4096K size 1024 blocksize

Xen virtual console successfully installed as tty1

Event-channel device installed.

netfront: Initialising virtual ethernet driver.

mice: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice

md: md driver 0.90.3 MAX_MD_DEVS=256,MD_SB_DISKS=27

md: bitmap version 4.39

NET: Registered protocol family 2

Registering block device major 8

IP route cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6,262144 bytes)

TCP established hash table entries: 262144 (order: 9,2097152 bytes)

TCP bind hash table entries: 65536 (order: 7,524288 bytes)

TCP: Hash tables configured (established 262144 bind 65536)

TCP reno registered

TCP bic registered

NET: Registered protocol family 1

NET: Registered protocol family 17

NET: Registered protocol family 15

Using IPI No-Shortcut mode

md: Autodetecting RAID arrays.

md: autorun ...

md: ... autorun DONE.

Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(8,1)

解决方法

尝试使用正确的AKI和ARI注册AMI.

总结

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