ios – 如何使用NSURLProtocol模拟AJAX调用?

发布时间:2019-11-08 发布网站:脚本之家
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我有UIWebview,使 AJAX调用外部服务.当我离线时,我需要捕获这些请求并返回本地json.

我实现了一个NSURLProtocol,我设法抓住AJAX请求,问题是jquery总是返回一个0错误代码:

$.ajax({
  url: url,dataType: 'json',contentType: "application/json",success: function(jsonData){
    alert("success :");
  },error: function (request,status,error) {
    alert("failure :" + request.status );
  }

});

我总是得到一个request.status = 0

为了测试我的协议,我试图在我的html中模拟一个图像,它的效果很好.

>从google.fr =>向图像发送HTML请求工作正常
> AJAX调用一个json on amazon =>失败

这是我的全面实现:

#import "EpubProtocol.h"

@implementation EpubProtocol

#pragma mark - NSURLProtocol

+ (BOOL)canInitWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request {
    BOOL awsRequest = [self request:request contains:@"s3.amazonaws.com"];
    BOOL imgRequest = [self request:request contains:@"google.fr"];
    BOOL match = awsRequest || imgRequest;

    return match;
}


+ (NSURLRequest*)canonicalRequestForRequest:(NSURLRequest*)theRequest
{
    return theRequest;
}


- (void)startLoading {
    NSURLRequest *request = [self request];

    //Mock Amazon call
    if([EpubProtocol request:request contains:@"s3.amazonaws.com"]) {
        NSString *path = [[NSBundle bundleForClass:self.class] pathForResource:@"epub1" ofType:@"json"];
        NSData *data = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:path];

        [self mockRequest:request mimeType:@"application/json" data:data];
    }
    //Mock image call
    else if([EpubProtocol request:request contains:@"google.fr"]) {
        NSOperationQueue *queue = [[NSOperationQueue alloc] init];

        [NSURLConnection sendAsynchronousRequest:[NSURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.itespresso.fr/wp-content/gallery/yahoo/1-yahoo-logo.jpg"]] queue:queue completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response,NSData *data,NSError *error) {
            [self mockRequest:request mimeType:@"image/jpeg" data:data];
        }];
    }
}

- (void)stopLoading
{
    NSLog(@"Did stop loading");
}


#pragma mark - Request utils

+ (BOOL) request:(NSURLRequest*)request contains:(NSString*)domain {
    NSString *str = [[request URL] absoluteString];
    NSPredicate *pred = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF contains[cd] %@",domain];
    return [pred evaluateWithObject:str];
}


#pragma mark - Mock responses


-(void) mockRequest:(NSURLRequest*)request mimeType:(NSString*)mimeType data:(NSData*)data {
    id client = [self client];

    NSHTTPURLResponse *response = [[NSHTTPURLResponse alloc] initWithURL:[request URL] MIMEType:mimeType expectedContentLength:-1 textEncodingName:nil];

    [client URLProtocol:self didReceiveResponse:response
     cacheStoragePolicy:NSURLCacheStorageNotAllowed];
    [client URLProtocol:self didLoadData:data];
    [client URLProtocolDidFinishLoading:self];
}

@end

解决方法

问题来自于Webkit,它阻止了由于跨域来源请求的响应.由于我们嘲笑响应,我们必须强制Access-Control-Allow-Origin.

那么我们还需要强制内容类型的响应.

这里是魔术发生的地方:

NSDictionary *headers = @{@"Access-Control-Allow-Origin" : @"*",@"Access-Control-Allow-Headers" : @"Content-Type"};
NSHTTPURLResponse *response = [[NSHTTPURLResponse alloc] initWithURL:request.URL statusCode:200 HTTPVersion:@"1.1" headerFields:headers];

最终执行协议:

#import "EpubProtocol.h"

@implementation EpubProtocol

#pragma mark - NSURLProtocol

+ (BOOL)canInitWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request {
    BOOL isAwsRequest = [self request:request contains:@"s3.amazonaws.com"];

    return isAwsRequest;
}

+ (NSURLRequest*)canonicalRequestForRequest:(NSURLRequest*)theRequest
{
    return theRequest;
}

- (void)startLoading {
    NSURLRequest *request = [self request];

    //Mock Amazon call
    if([EpubProtocol request:request contains:@"s3.amazonaws.com"]) {
        NSString *path = [[NSBundle bundleForClass:self.class] pathForResource:@"epub1" ofType:@"json"];
        NSData *data = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:path];

        [self mockRequest:request data:data];
    }
}

- (void)stopLoading
{
    NSLog(@"Did stop loading");
}


#pragma mark - Request utils

+ (BOOL) request:(NSURLRequest*)request contains:(NSString*)domain {
    NSString *str = [[request URL] absoluteString];
    NSPredicate *pred = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF contains[cd] %@",domain];
    return [pred evaluateWithObject:str];
}


#pragma mark - Mock responses


-(void) mockRequest:(NSURLRequest*)request data:(NSData*)data {
    id client = [self client];

    NSDictionary *headers = @{@"Access-Control-Allow-Origin" : @"*",@"Access-Control-Allow-Headers" : @"Content-Type"};
    NSHTTPURLResponse *response = [[NSHTTPURLResponse alloc] initWithURL:request.URL statusCode:200 HTTPVersion:@"1.1" headerFields:headers];

    [client URLProtocol:self didReceiveResponse:response
     cacheStoragePolicy:NSURLCacheStorageNotAllowed];
    [client URLProtocol:self didLoadData:data];
    [client URLProtocolDidFinishLoading:self];
}

@end

没有什么特别的JS:

function loadJSONDoc()
{
  var url = "https://s3.amazonaws.com/youboox_recette/epub.json";

  $.ajax({
      url: url,success: function(jsonData){
        alert('success');
        document.getElementById("myDiv").innerHTML='<p>'+$.param(jsonData)+'</p>';
      },error) {
        alert("failure :" + request.status );
      }
  });
}

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